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Appendices In Research Papers

At some point in your academic tenure, you will be asked to write a research paper. A research paper combines two fundamental elements of academic writing: (a) analyzing and synthesizing outside evidence and (b) providing your own evidence-based interpretation or argument about a given topic within your field of study.

Generally, research papers in the social sciences are organized to include an abstract, introduction, literature review, methods section, results section, and discussion section. However, despite these general components, research paper requirements may vary based on the scope and particular assignment guidelines provided by your instructor or within your competency. As a result, make sure that specific assignment and/or instructor requirements supersede the general guidelines included here.

Note: These guidelines do not refer to a doctoral capstone study. If you are writing your doctoral capstone study, be sure to refer to resources on the Form and Style website and e-mail any questions to the editors at editor@waldenu.edu.

How do I create an APPENDIX in APA style?

 


What is an appendix?

  • A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. 38-9).
  • The content in the appendices should be "easily presented in print format" (APA, 2010, p. 39).
    • Examples:
      • lists of length (short lists belong in the paper itself)
      • detailed descriptions (essential details should be in the paper itself)
      • a list of articles that support data but are not referred to in the paper itself
      • demographic details for subpopulations studied by the paper

 


 

Where does the Appendix appear in the paper?

  • The appendices section, if there is one, is close to the last section of your APA-style paper:
    • title page
    • abstract
    • text of paper
    • references list
    • tables 
    • figures
    • appendices
    • footnotes (APA, 2010, p. 229-230). (Rarely used)

 


 

How to format an appendix:

  • You may have more than one appendix (aka appendices)
  • Each appendix should deal with a separate topic
  • Each appendix must be referred to by name (Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.) in the text of the paper
    • To refer to the Appendix within your text, write, (see Appendix A) at the end of the sentence in parentheses. Example:
      • In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al. (2002) reviewed studies that focused on international bank employees and college students (see Appendix B for demographic information).
  • Each appendix must be labeled with a letter (A, B, C, etc.) according to where it appears in the paper.
      • The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A
      • The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B
      • If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on.
      • If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix
  • Each appendix must also have a title
  • Begin each appendix on a separate page
  • Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization. Label first, title second.
  • Paragraphs
    • The first paragraph is flush left and not indented.
    • The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are.
    • All paragraphs are double spaced.
  • If your appendices include tables or figures, treat them as they would be treated in the main text.
    • See the Abstracts and Appendices page of the APA Guide for more information.
    • Exception to the tables/figures numbering rule: add the letter of the appendix (A, B, C, etc.) to the figure or table number (e.g., Table B3 would be the third table in Appendix B).
  • If your appendices use information from an outside source, cite it parenthetically within the text of the appendix and include the reference in the main references list for the paper (do not create a separate references list).

 


 

A sample appendix is below.